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Macular Degeneration: What You Need To Know Macular degeneration is an age related medical condition that affects older adults. Loss of vision is the result of this condition. What makes macular degeneration different from other vision impairing diseases? The difference is that this causes the loss of the center field of vision. This is area where it is called macula and the cause of vision loss is the damage of the retina. The two forms are wet and dry. If a person is over fifty years of age, there is high risk that the person will have it. Having macular degeneration that affects the central vision of a person, it is hard for them to read and even recognize people and places. There is still a good thing with macular degeneration, and this is because the peripheral vision is still intact the person can still handle his daily tasks. The dry version of macular degeneration is also called nonexudative which is caused by the buildup of debris in the choroid and retina. The debris that buildup between the retina and choloid in the dry form is Drusen that causes the retina to be detached and can cause the symptoms of blindness. Exudative or wet form of macular degeneration is caused by blood vessels to grow behind the retina. This grow in the choroid area. The macular degeneration is this form can be treated using medication and laser coagulation. With the help of this treatment it can either stop or in other cases it can reverse the growth of the blood vessel that causes this condition.
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What are the signs of macular degeneration? Yellow deposits that can appear in the macula. Drusen is the yellow deposits that is found in the macula. For a lot of people who are in the early stage of may not notice any difference when it comes to their eyesight. The person may only notice that they have the condition when it becomes worst and the deposit has already increased. There is a theory that the yellow deposits are cholesterol but it is still unconfirmed by scientist but there is also a possibility that it will respond to cholesterol lowering treatments.
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The neovascular AMD is and exudative form of macular degeneration and it also caused by growth of blood vessel. When you have this type of growth it can either leak or can cause bleeding and in turn it can cause scarring and eventually the result is irreversible. But you do not have to worry because today there are new medications that can help in dealing with this form of AMD.